• Kemal Atatürk - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com

      www.history.com/topics/kemal-ataturk Mustafa, who became Mustafa Kemal as a teenager and then Mustafa Kemal Atatürk late in life, was born around 1881 in the city of Salonica (now Thessaloniki, Greece ...
    • Kemal Ataturk | president of Turkey | Britannica.com

      www.britannica.com/biography/Kemal-Ataturk Kemal Atatürk, ( Turkish: “Kemal, Father of Turks”) , original name Mustafa Kemal, also called Mustafa Kemal Paṣa ... "Kemal Ataturk". Encyclopædia Britannica.
    • Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - Wikiquote

      en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer and revolutionist statesman who was the founder and first President of the Republic of ...
    • Ataturk - All About Turkey

      www.allaboutturkey.com/ataturk.htm Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the modern Turkey. His life, reforms, principles, and speeches.