• ## Saft on wealth: Learning from Turing’s silver hoard

Lycos News20 Jan 2016

• ## Cipher - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cipher In cryptography, a cipher (or cypher) is an algorithm for performing encryption or decryption—a series of well-defined steps that can be followed as a procedure.
• ## Braingle: Codes, Ciphers, Encryption and Cryptography

www.braingle.com/brainteasers/codes/index.php Codes, Ciphers, Encryption and Cryptography. Cryptography is the discipline of using codes and ciphers to encrypt a message and make it unreadable unless the ...
• ## Cipher | Define Cipher at Dictionary.com

dictionary.reference.com/browse/cipher He is a cipher who has reduced his own party to near-cipher status. Modi Crushes Gandhi in India’s Election Landslide Tunku Varadarajan May 15, 2014 .

• ## Cipher Tools - Rumkin.com

rumkin.com/tools/cipher Related Tools. These pages are not cipher pages, but they do relate to ciphers. They are included here to make your life easier.
• ## 10 Codes and Ciphers - Listverse

listverse.com/2012/03/13/10-codes-and-ciphers Steganography is more ancient than codes and ciphers, and is the art of hidden writing. For example, a message might be written on paper, coated with wax ...
• ## Cipher | Definition of Cipher by Merriam-Webster

www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cipher She was nothing more than a cipher. Origin of cipher. Middle English, from Medieval Latin cifra, from Arabic ṣifr empty, cipher, zero. First Known Use: 14th century.
• ## Substitution cipher - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Substitution_cipher In cryptography, a substitution cipher is a method of encoding by which units of plaintext are replaced with ciphertext, according to a fixed system; the "units" may ...